Heart-Health Valentine’s Day Tips

Shared from the American Heart Association website: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/HealthyLiving/HealthyEating/Nutrition/Heart-Health-Valentines-Day-Tips_UCM_322023_Article.jsp#.WJDNBlUrLIU Heart-Health Valentine’s Day Tips Your sweetheart may have the key to your heart, but eating healthy and being physically active can be … Read more

Picture of AED unit

Importance of AEDs

According to the American Heart Association, more than 383,000 people are treated for sudden cardiac arrest in the pre-hospital setting each year. Only 12% of those victims survive. The key to survival for any victim of sudden cardiac arrest is rapid response by bystanders and by healthcare professionals. You could save a life by both knowing CPR and by having an AED close at hand.

Having an AED nearby is essential to saving the lives of those who have suffered a sudden cardiac arrest. Ideally, an AED should be placed such that it can be retrieved and applied to a patient within 3-5 minutes. When deciding how many AEDs to purchase, and where to place them, use a 3-minute response time as your guide.

In general, AEDs should be placed in conspicuous, well-lit, easily-accessible areas. Ideally, this location should be within a three-minute response radius from every locating within your home or place of business.

Some example locations include:

Lightning-prone areas

High-voltage areas

Energy pipelines

Security officer stations

Walls of main corridors

Reception areas


Large assembly areas

Fitness facilities

Near elevators


All AEDs should be inspected and maintained on a regular basis in order to ensure functionality during a sudden cardiac arrest. A typical maintenance checklist for an AED should include:

  • Record battery installation and expiration dates
  • Inspect status and service indicator lights
  • Inspect the exterior of the AED for damage or wear
  • Ensure additional supplies are present; e.g. extra batteries, disposable gloves, additional electrode pads, etc.

Which CPR course do you need?

Are you not sure of which CPR course you need to take? Don’t make the mistake of taking the wrong class!

Basic Life Support (BLS) for Healthcare Providers

BLS for Healthcare Providers is designed for professionals in the healthcare field including:

  • Healthcare Students
  • Assisted Living Caregivers
  • Dental Assistants
  • Physicians
  • Nurses
  • CNA’s and QMA’s
  • EMT’s
  • Pharmasits
  • Physical Therapists
  • Occupational Therapists
  • and more!

Click here for more information about our BLS program.

Heartsaver CPR/AED

Heartsaver CPR is designed for anyone who has limited or no medical training including:

  • Teachers
  • Lifeguards
  • Police Officers
  • Firefighters
  • Secretaries
  • HR personnel
  • Baby Sitters
  • Personal Trainers
  • and more!

Click here for more information about our Heartsaver program.

Still not sure what class you need? No problem. Call our office at 317.786.7260 for more information.

What is hypothermia and how can CPR help?

As the days continue to get colder it is crucial to understand the dangers as well as the necessary precautions that are paired with cold weather. Hyptohermia is a serious condition that could occur due to cold temperatures.

Hypothermia is a potentially dangerous drop in body temperature, usually caused by prolonged exposure to cold temperatures. The risk of cold exposure increases as the winter months arrive. But if you’re exposed to cold temperatures on a spring hike or capsized on a summer sail, you can also be at risk of hypothermia.

Normal body temperature averages 98.6 degrees. With hypothermia, core temperature drops below 95 degrees. In severe hypothermia, core body temperature drops to 86 degrees or lower.

What Causes Hypothermia?

The causes of hypothermia include:

Cold exposure. When the balance between the body’s heat production and heat loss tips toward heat loss for a prolonged period, hypothermia can occur. Accidental hypothermia usually happens after cold temperature exposure without enough warm, dry clothing for protection. Mountain climbers on Mount Everest avoid hypothermia by wearing specialized, high-tech gear designed for that windy, icy environment.

However, much milder environments can also lead to hypothermia, depending on a person’s age, body mass, body fat, overall health, and length of time exposed to cold temperatures. A frail, older adult in a 60-degree house after a power outage can develop mild hypothermia overnight. Infants and babies sleeping in cold bedrooms are also at risk.

Other causes. Certain medical conditions such as diabetes and thyroid conditions, some medications, severe trauma, or using drugs or alcohol all increase the risk of hypothermia.
How Does Cold Exposure Cause Hypothermia?

During exposure to cold temperatures, most heat loss — up to 90% — escapes through your skin; the rest, you exhale from your lungs. Heat loss through the skin happens primarily through radiation and speeds up when skin is exposed to wind or moisture. If cold exposure is due to being immersed in cold water, the movement of waves and water can increase heat loss up to 50%.

The hypothalamus, the brain’s temperature-control center, works to raise body temperature by triggering processes that heat and cool the body. During cold temperature exposure, shivering is a protective response to produce heat through muscle activity. In another heat-preserving response — called vasoconstriction — blood vessels temporarily narrow.

Normally, the activity of the heart and liver produce most of your body heat. But as core body temperature cools, these organs produce less heat, in essence causing a protective “shut down” to preserve heat and protect the brain. Low body temperature can slow brain activity, breathing, and heart rate.

What Is the Treatment for Hypothermia?

Hypothermia is a potentially life-threatening condition that needs emergency medical attention.

If medical care isn’t immediately available:

  • Remove any wet clothes, hats, gloves, shoes, and socks.
  • Protect the person against wind, drafts, and further heat loss with warm, dry clothes and blankets.
  • Move gently to a warm, dry shelter as soon as possible.
  • Begin rewarming the person with extra clothing. Use warm blankets. Other helpful items for warming are: an electric blanket to the torso area and hot packs and heating pad on the torso, armpits, neck, and groin; however, these can cause burns to the skin. Use your own body heat if nothing else is available.
  • Take the person’s temperature if a thermometer is available.
  • Offer warm liquids, but avoid alcohol and caffeine, which speed up heat loss. Don’t try to give fluids to an unconscious person.

If the hypothermic person is unconscious, or has no pulse or signs of breathing, call for emergency help right away. CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) should be given immediately.

Because hypothermia causes the body to shut down in ways that mimic death, CPR should be continued, even in the absence of signs of breathing or a pulse, until paramedics arrive or the person is taken to a hospital.


RESQ Health & Safety Training offers CPR classes for everyone! We offer CPR training in Indianapolis, Carmel, South Bend, Fort Wayne, Fishers, GreenwoodPlainfield and more. View and register for our CPR classes here. For your convenience we also offer online classes!

What is Hands-Only CPR?

What is hands-only CPR?

Hands-only CPR is a potentially lifesaving technique involving no mouth to mouth contact. It is best used in emergencies where someone has seen another person suddenly collapse. The hands-only technique increases the likelihood of surviving cardiac emergencies that occur outside medical settings.

How is CPR different from hands-only CPR?

Full CPR combines rescue breaths with chest compressions and is the best option in some emergencies, including those involving infants and children, drowning victims, or people who collapse due to breathing problems.


Winter Safety Tips

It is not officially winter yet but it sure is beginning to feel like it. Here are tips to help you stay healthy and safe this winter.

When Walking

  • Make sure to watch out  for slick spots on the ground.
  • Dress warm with layered clothing keeping your head and extremities covered.

When Driving

Have your Car ‘Winterized’ before the bad weather hits. This means having the antifreeze, tires, and windshield wipers checked and changed if necessary.

Take a Cell Phone with you when driving in bad weather. Always let someone know where you’re going and when you expect to arrive, so they can call for help if you’re late.

Do Not Drive on Icy Roads, overpasses, or bridges if possible; look for another route.

Stock your Car With Basic Emergency Supplies, such as:

  • a first aid kit
  • blankets
  • extra warm clothes
  • booster cables
  • a windshield scraper
  • a shovel
  • rock salt, a bag of sand or cat litter (to pour on ice or snow in case your wheels get stuck)
  • a container of water and canned or dried foods and can opener
  • a flashlight

Dress infants and children warmly for outdoor activities.  Several thin layers will keep them dry and warm. Don’t forget warm boots, gloves or mittens, and a hat.

What to Wear

  • Dress infants and children warmly for outdoor activities.  Several thin layers will keep them dry and warm. Don’t forget warm boots, gloves or mittens, and a hat.
  • The rule of thumb for older babies and young children is to dress them in one more layer of clothing than an adult would wear in the same conditions.
  • Blankets, quilts, pillows, bumpers, sheepskins and other loose bedding should be kept out of an infant’s sleeping environment because they are associated with suffocation deaths and may contribute to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Sleep clothing like one-piece sleepers or wearable blankets is preferred.
  • If a blanket must be used to keep a sleeping infant warm, it should be tucked in around the crib mattress, reaching only as far as the baby’s chest, so the infant’s face is less likely to become covered by bedding materials.


  • Hypothermia develops when a child’s temperature falls below normal due to exposure to colder temperatures. It often happens when a youngster is playing outdoors in extremely cold weather without wearing proper clothing or when clothes get wet. It can occur more quickly in children than in adults.
  • As hypothermia sets in, the child may shiver and become lethargic and clumsy.  Speech may become slurred and body temperature will decline in more severe cases.
  • If you suspect your child is hypothermic, call 911 at once. Until help arrives, take the child indoors, remove any wet clothing, and wrap him in blankets or warm clothes.


  • Frostbite happens when the skin and outer tissues become frozen.  This condition tends to happen on extremities like the fingers, toes, ears and nose.  They may become pale, gray and blistered. At the same time, the child may complain that his/her skin burns or has become numb.
  • If frostbite occurs, bring the child indoors and place the frostbitten parts of her body in warm (not hot) water.  104° Fahrenheit (about the temperature of most hot tubs) is recommended. Warm washcloths may be applied to frostbitten nose, ears and lips.
  • Do not rub the frozen areas.
  • After a few minutes, dry and cover the child with clothing or blankets. Give him/her something warm to drink.
  •  If the numbness continues for more than a few minutes, call your doctor.

Winter Health

  • If your child suffers from winter nosebleeds, try using a cold air humidifier in the child’s room at night. Saline nose drops or petrolatum may help keep nasal tissues moist. If bleeding is severe or recurrent, consult your pediatrician.
  •  Many pediatricians feel that bathing two or three times a week is enough for an infant’s first year. More frequent baths may dry out the skin, especially during the winter.
  •  Cold weather does not cause colds or flu.  But the viruses that cause colds and flu tend to be more common in the winter, when children are in school and are in closer contact with each other.  Frequent hand washing and teaching your child to sneeze or cough into the bend of her elbow may help reduce the spread of colds and flu.
  • Children 6 months of age and up should get the influenza vaccine to reduce their risk of catching the flu.

Winter Sports and Activities

  • Set reasonable time limits on outdoor play to prevent hypothermia and frostbite.  Have children come inside periodically to warm up.
  •  Using alcohol or drugs before any winter activity, like snowmobiling or skiing, is dangerous and should not be permitted in any situation.

Ice Skating

  • Allow children to skate only on approved surfaces.  Check for signs posted by local police or recreation departments, or call your local police department to find out which areas have been approved.
  • Advise your child to:
    • Skate in the same direction as the crowd
    • Avoid darting across the ice
    • Never skate alone
    • Not chew gum or eat candy while skating
    • Consider having your child wear a helmet, knee and elbow pads, especially while learing to skate
  • Keep sledders away from motor vehicles.
  • Children should be supervised while sledding.
  • Keep young children separated from older children.
  • Sledding feet first or sitting up, instead of lying down head-first, may prevent head injuries.
  • Consider having your child wear a helmet while sledding.
  • Use steerable sleds, not snow disks or inner tubes.
  • Sleds should be structurally sound and free of sharp edges and splinters, and the steering mechanism should be well lubricated.
  • Sled slopes should be free of obstructions like trees or fences, be covered in snow not ice, not be too steep (slope of less than 30º), and end with a flat runoff.
  • Avoid sledding in crowded areas.
Snow Skiing and Snowboarding
  • Children should be taught to ski or snowboard by a qualified instructor in a program designed for children.
  • Never ski or snowboard alone.
  • Young children should always be supervised by an adult.  Older children’s need for adult supervision depends on their maturity and skill.  If older children are not with an adult, they should always at least be accompanied by a friend.
  • All skiers and snowboarders should wear helmets. Ski facilities should require helmet use, but if they do not, parents should enforce the requirement for their children.
  • Equipment should fit the child. Skiers should wear safety bindings that are adjusted at least every year. Snowboarders should wear gloves with built-in wrist guards. Eye protection or goggles should also be used.
  • Slopes should fit the ability and experience of the skier or snowboarder. Avoid crowded slopes.
  • Avoid skiing in areas with trees and other obstacles.
  • The AAP recommends that children under age 16 not operate snowmobiles and that children under age 6 never ride on snowmobiles.
  • Do not use a snowmobile to pull a sled or skiers.
  • Wear goggles and a safety helmet approved for use on motorized vehicles like motorcycles.
  • Travel at safe speeds.
  • Never snowmobile alone or at night.
  • Stay on marked trails, away from roads, water, railroads and pedestrians.

 Sun Protection

The sun’s rays can still cause sunburn in the winter, especially when they reflect off snow.  Make sure to cover your child’s exposed skin with sunscreen and consider using sunglasses.

Fire Protection

Winter is a time when household fires occur. It is a good time to remember to:

  • Buy and install smoke alarms on every floor of your home
  • Test smoke alarms monthly
  • Practice fire drills with your children
  • Install a carbon monoxide detector outside bedrooms
  • Keep space heaters at least 3 feet away from anything that could burn, and turn them off when leaving the room or sleeping


Source 2